Today, all the nuclear fuel, which contained most of the radioactive substances, has been transported away from Barsebäck Nuclear Power Plant. Reactor tanks and other major parts must be disassembled and transported away before the buildings themselves are dismantled. The aim is to try to remove the largest components possible in order to ensure the process of dismantlement will be efficient.
During today's service operation, we are preparing for the dismantlement by conducting studies within the relevant areas. For instance, this covers the disassembling of reactor tanks, the cleaning of pools, the dismantling of buildings and the restoration of land. We have come to the conclusion that the dismantlement should take place in four steps and that the dismantlement of Barsebäck 1 and 2 should be carried out as a joint project. The aim is that the entire area including buildings and land should be cleared as exempt. Clearance and exemption means that the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority, SSM, no longer places any restrictions from a radiation protection point of view.
The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB) takes care of the radioactive waste, and waste hazardous to the environment will be stored at facilities for hazardous waste. Any other waste will be sorted and recycled.
Time plan for dismantlement
The time for dismantlement is determined once the final repository for dismantlement waste has been built. We start the preparations in the plant about two years before dismantlement begins. The disassembling of the plant is estimated to take just over five years including clearance and exemption. After that, other buildings can be dismantled and the area restored, something that will take a further few years. It has not been decided what the land and the buildings that remain will be used for in the future.